Imigrantes, desigualdade e educação

Já está disponível a primeira versão do paper que Irineu de Carvalho Filho e eu acabamos de escrever,  e que vamos apresentar no encontro da Economic History Association este mês. Clique aqui para ver. O resumo:

“This paper deals with institutional persistence in long-term economic development. We
investigate the historical record of education in one of the fastest growing and most unequal
societies in the twentieth century – the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Based on rich historical data on
landholding and education, we assess the role played by factors such as land concentration,
immigration and type of economic activity in determining supply and demand of education
during the early twentieth century, and to what degree these factors help explain current
educational performance and income levels. We find a positive and enduring effect of the
presence of immigrants on the supply of public instruction, as well as a negative effect of land
concentration. Immigrant farm-laborers established their own community schools, and pressured
for public funding for those schools or for public schools. The effects of early adoption of public
instruction can be detected more than one hundred years later in the form of better test scores and
higher income per capita. These results are suggestive of an additional mechanism generating
inequality across regions: the places that received immigration from
countries with an established public education system benefited from an earlier adoption of the
revolutionary idea of public education.”

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